Phytoremediation Efficiency of Brassica juncea Plant from Heavy Metals Cr, Cu, Cd and Pb Spiked Soil

International Journal of Novel Trends in Pharmaceutical Sciences,2017,7,6,178-185.
Published:December 2017
Type:Research Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Revathi K1, Ansar Ali PZ2 and Sudha PN3
1Research Scholar, SCSVMV University, Enathur, Kanchepuram, Tamil Nadu, India.
2PG and Research Department of Chemistry, C. Abdul Hakeem College, Melvisharam, Vellore District, Tamil Nadu, India
3PG and Research Department of Chemistry, D.K.M College for Women, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract:

The most dangerous heavy metals are Pb, Hg, As, Cd, Sn, Cr, Zn and Cu. These metals are retarding farming efficiency and destructing the health of the plants and animals. In recent years, scientists and engineers have started to generate cost effective technologies that include use of microorganisms/biomass or live plants to clean polluted areas. Phytoremediation uses plants to cleanup contaminatedsoil and ground water, taking advantage of plants' natural abilities to take up, accumulate and/or degradeconstituents of their soil and water environments. Major advantages reported for phytoremediation as compared to traditional remediation technologies include the possibility of generating less secondary wastes, minimal associated environmental disturbance, and the ability to leave soils in place and in a usable condition following treatment. The objective of the experiment is to study the potential ability of Brassica juncea plantfor remediation of heavy metals from the 200ppm concentration of Chromium, Copper, Cadmium and Leadspiked soils.

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The physico - chemical factors of the garden soil